The world’s largest anti-terrorist watchdog group voted on Friday to keep Iran on its blacklist for failing to tackle terrorist financing at home and extend international sanctions at a time when the country hoped to compensate for its faltering economy through trade with Europe.
The Financial Action Group, a Paris-based watchdog group, gave Iran a February deadline to approve anti-terrorism legislation or remain on the blacklist. Although the Iranian parliament passed the legislation, a supreme religious body voted for it.
The blacklist will complicate Iranian plans to avoid US sanctions by engaging with European countries instead. France, Britain and Germany have said they will continue to deal with Iran as long as the country is out of the FIFA blacklist.
As a way to avoid, but not violate, US sanctions, European countries have linked a new channel of unconventional trade with Iran in accordance with the “F” rules. The United States canceled its nuclear agreement with Iran in 2018 and reimposed crippling sanctions that exceeded oil exports and caused missile inflation. .
Until Iran adopts stronger measures, “he will remain concerned about the risks of terrorist financing arising from Iran and the threat it poses to the international financial system,” according to a statement released on Friday by the oversight body.
Among the recommendations I made, F.A.T.F. He noted that Iran should “criminalize” the financing of terrorism and ratify the United Nations conventions on financing terrorism.
On behalf of F.A.T.F. Traded on Friday, The Iranians went to the polls to vote on a new parliament. Observers expect a tighter parliament, after Iranian leaders have excluded more than 7,000 candidates, most of them moderate.
The Burundian Armed Forces monitors all forms of illicit financing, from money laundering to terrorist financing, and has nearly 40 member states and organizations. If F.A.T.F. It places the country on its black or gray lists, and it can complicate the country’s ability to benefit from global credit markets or welcome international investment.
In a separate ruling on Friday, the F.A.T.F. It announced that it would keep Pakistan on its gray list, a step above the blacklist, but criticized the country for not doing enough to combat terrorist financing.
The Burundian Armed Forces note that Pakistan has complied with most of the list of requirements created by the group in 2018, when Pakistan was placed on the gray list at the request of the United States.
But officials added that the country was still relatively flexible in curbing money laundering that benefited terrorist groups.
Your blacklisting has had dire consequences for the Pakistani economy, which is already in debt and budget shortages, despite the economic reform program run by the government of Prime Minister Imran Khan.
Pakistani officials have argued in recent months that they have successfully complied with the action plan by the monitoring group.
In particular, they referred to the recent condemnation of Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, founder of the Lashkar-e-Taiba group accused of carrying out the Mumbai attacks in 2008, on charges of financing terrorism and links to armed groups. Despite a $ 10 million reward for it, Mr. Saeed had survived the conviction for years, although he had been arrested by the Pakistani authorities several times.
Pakistan may also have been involved in its cooperation in helping bring the Taliban to the peace talks table. All American, Afghan and Taliban officials have indicated in recent days that the deal that opened the way for the withdrawal of US forces was close.
Prime Minister Khan said on Monday that the government is serious in fighting terrorism. He stressed that the Pakistani army, which has long been accused of sponsoring groups such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and the Afghan Taliban, among other things, was fully involved in this effort.
During the annual meeting of FA.T.F, which started on Tuesday, Pakistan received critical support from China, Malaysia and Turkey to avoid being blacklisted. China’s support, in particular, was vital. After years of protecting Pakistan in the NFL, China and its other close ally, Saudi Arabia, it has been unusually sided as the watchdog group negotiated in 2018, putting Pakistan on the gray list.
Pakistan was previously F.A.T.F. The gray list from 2012 to 2015. Although there were no mandatory international sanctions at that point, they hampered any country’s ability to access international markets and finance.
She wrote Maria Abi Habib from New Delhi and Salman Masoud from Pakistan.