Each nook of our modern lives depends on environmental information from Earth observation satellites. They supply more than 90 percent of the data used by climate prediction models. The supply of a lot of our most essential resources, particularly agriculture and water, now largely depends on meteorological and environmental forecasts made using this data.
Today, distant sensing satellites are in a position to offer scientists data that vary from sea surface height to soil moisture content. With this data, farmers can better plan for precipitation and temperature fluctuations, thereby growing their yield. Businesses and regional planners can mitigate the risks of flood zones. Also, Ecologists can monitor the migration of invasive species.
Knowing when and how long drought, flooding, extreme weather, or other natural disasters will happen is especially crucial. Timely access to general environmental information and knowledge from satellites assist federal, state, and local governments; companies; nonprofits; and other organizations make sure the security of our property, resources, environment, economic system, and life.
The number of instruments onboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s low-Earth orbiting and geostationary orbiting satellites, for example, present the meteorologists with measures of temperature, precipitation, wind speed, and other information they need to predict the strength of hurricanes. Without the dependable downlink and delivery of these data and forecasts, our national security would most certainly be severely hampered.
Now, as we enter a brand new era of space militarization, these environmental satellites are also in danger. They are clear targets for militaries across the globe.
The ramp-up for a new satellite arms race began in 2007 when China launched a missile that intentionally obliterated one of its weather satellites. Since then, Russia and India have additionally developed, tested, and deployed technologies meant to hack, intercept, sabotage, shoot down, and even physically maneuver out of orbit satellites that present a variety of data. The US and France have already claimed that Russia has spied on their satellites from space.